Friday, April 29, 2016

"The New High School"

*This article was published in the 1924 edition of the MHS "Criterion," which was the school's yearbook. It references the upcoming opening of the "new" Marshall High School building on West Houston Street, which served as MHS until 1980 and has been the home of Marshall Junior High since the 1981-82 school year.

Author Unknown
"The Criterion," 1924

At last the dream of many Marshall citizens and Marshall High School students is to be realized. Work has begun on the beautiful new building and the passing of another year will find Marshall High students in their new home.

The new Marshall High School is to be much larger and better equipped than the one we now have. There are to be four study halls. Every student is to have a steel locker. There to be sixteen classrooms in addition to those of the Science, Home Economics, Agriculture, and Commercial Departments. Marshall High School will soon be able to boast of a large auditorium, a splendid gymnasium, indoor basket ball courts, and rest rooms.

The auditorium is to be the pride of the Marshall High School. It will seat twelve hundred people and will be used not only for school purposes but for the use of the public also. The indoor basket ball courts and gymnasium will be additions that will be gladly welcomed by all the students. There will be an office for the principal and also one for the secretary. In these offices there will be a large vault in which to keep the school records.

The new high school will be a great improvement over the old one, and the Seniors regret that they will not enjoy this new building; but the old Marshall High with the memories it recalls will forever have a place in their hearts.

Friday, April 22, 2016

School Lunches Draw Varied Comments

*This article was published in the Marshall News Messenger during the 1971-1972 school year. It provides a look at the early days of MISD's school cafeterias and food service.

By Glynis Crawford
News Messenger Writer

About 11:30 a.m. any school day you can stand near a school lunchroom line and hear the rumble of feet and the clatter of silverware as lunch hour begins.

The voices are within range, "Oh no, not spinach"..."Ugh, what is this stuff?"..."Beans, again!"

These are the sounds of the problems facing Marshall lunchroom staffs feeding between 3,000 and 4,000 students every day.

Despite the complaints, when you pin the kids down, the food gets consistently good reports. Especially, Wednesday, fried chicken day.

Amid one flock of complaints, this reporter asked, "Why eat the food anyway?"

"Most of us are on the free lunch program and have to eat here," was one response.

Another student recognized the bargain. "I look at it this way, I'd rather pay 45 cents here than go downtown and spend 70 cents to a dollar. And, it's really a good meal."

There's a lot of hard work going on behind the scenes to provide those meals.

Each month, a committee made up of managers from two school lunchrooms and Mrs. Ruth  Beach, the Marshall school dietician, meet to plan two menus, one for elementary school and one for high school.

Principals are always invited, according to Mrs. Beach, because they hear suggestions from parents, students and teachers that might otherwise miss the committee.

Every meal must meet U.S. Department of Agriculture guidelines for a Type A lunch supplying one-third of a students' daily nutritional requirements.

This includes two ounces of meat or a meat substitute, three-fourth cup of a vegetable or fruit -- usually from two or more items.

Vitamin C must be included in the menu every day and Vitamin A three times per week.

"At workshops they warn us not to get into menu planning ruts. But you should hear the children if we miss a Wednesday with fried chicken," Mrs. Beach said.

"We're here to please the children so, on that point, it really doesn't matter what the guidelines say," she added.

About 60 percent of the 6,500 students enrolled in Marshall schools eat in the lunchroom; 95 percent in some elementary schools.

"Most of our cooks were mothers before they came to work for us, and they know how to season food just like it is at home," Mrs. Beach explained.

She says tasting is the key to good seasoning and she encourages all her cooks to practice it.

The menus are publicized in the newspaper and over the radio each week so a student can bring a lunch if the fare is not to his liking.

High school students have the option of eating at the snack bar which serves hamburgers and sandwiches every day.

Hamburgers and chicken seem to remain favorites, along with homemade breads, rolls and desserts served in every school.

"We make everything from scratch," said Mrs. Beach. "No mixes."

Pizzas and pigs-in-a-blanket are new specialties.

There is a constant problem with the waste of discarded food which Mrs. Beach attributes to mainly to eating habits of the younger generation. She says they have become used to a regular diet of snack foods.

the school food service operates on a tight, self-sufficient, budget. Food costs, salaries for 55 employees, equipment and repairs must all be covered by income from paid lunches and a less-than-minimal government reimbursement for free lunches.

Prices are 40 cents for elementary students and 45 cents for high school.

The aim of the lunchroom service is to provide wholesome food at a low cost; contribute to improvement of food habits of children; and operate regularly as part of the educational program offering nutritional and educational opportunities for the child as a functional, positive experience in his school day.

It takes hard work and careful planning. And, it's going on every day in Marshall.

Friday, April 15, 2016

Kindergarten Essential Training Today

*This article was published in the Marshall News Messenger during the summer of 1971, and outlines the importance of the movement toward adding a kindergarten level to student and child development in Marshall ISD.

By Mike White
News Messenger Writer

Despite "Sesame Street" and other children's programs among the menagerie of television offerings, and despite occasional "G" rated movies, children still need kindergarten.

Children without preschool training continue to show up each year at first grades unprepared, according to Marshall school teachers. And, apparently the bombardment of educational programming has not substituted for teachers or provided children with the background knowledge needed to meet the challenges of first grade.

The summer preschool sessions, held at South Marshall Elementary School and at Robert E. Lee Elementary School, aim to guarantee that all this fall's influx of first graders are prepared for school.

Many Marshall children have already received some preschool training either at public or private kindergarten, or at day care centers. But the some 135 children at Lee and South Marshall this summer are those who have never before had the benefit of preschool training. The summer sessions is their last opportunity to get an even start with their contemporaries.

Since kindergarten in Texas public schools is such a recent innovation, many graduates of the state's school system may wonder what could be so complicated about first grade to make prior training and experience so essential.

What should a preschooler know to enter first grade prepared?

According to Mrs. Jo Ann Clevenger, a summer preschool teacher at South Marshall, he should: be able to write his name; recognize numbers up to 5; be able to count things up to five; know his address; have acquired eye-to-hand coordination; and be able to recognize pictures.

To this, Mrs. Frances Riddle, a teacher at the same school, adds: a certain level of verbal ability; the experiences of expressing and exchanging ideas, and of responding within a group; construction of more complex, or more abstract, concepts; and the experience of being read to.

The amount of home training varies greatly and children who have received very little must learn the names of things common to the environment of most of society if they are to begin learning at the first grade level, Mrs. Riddle explained.

Regardless of the answers, one statistic makes clear that prior training is important: nearly 10 percent of the students at some of Marshall elementary schools fail the first grade. In many cases, the first grade has served merely to accomplish what should have been learned in kindergarten or preschool, says Mrs. Clevenger.

Funded under a federal act providing money for preschool training of the "educationally deprived," the preschool summer sessions here have accepted all children who have never benefited from any other preschool program. According to Marshall school administrators, such children, rich or poor, quality as educationally deprived.

The summer programs offer an intensive course, squeezing into the summer weeks what other children have learned over a longer period of time.

An optimum pupil-teacher ratio makes the intensification possible, said South Marshall's principal, C.A. Maule. Enrollment averages only 15 children per class and each teacher has the assistance of an aide who divided her time among three classes.

"Of all the mechanical and modern helps devised for teaching, a real person is the best aide," one Marshall preschool teacher said, pointing to the summer program's aide-ratio as making intensified training possible.

The academic-oriented activity for the preschoolers is set up on the modern kindergarten "learning center" basis. The method allows the child a larger measure of freedom of movement and freedom of choice while it directs his activity toward development of more complex ideas and more coordinated physical movement.

In addition to the academic preparation, children enrolled at the summer preschools have the benefit of a meal and a snack, served daily during the four-hour a day program. Also, a doctor visits the schools to examine all the children, and nurses are stationed at the schools to provided daily medical care. The school system has the benefit of a social worker assigned to the summer program to collect pertinent facts about each child's family history.

The entire program should become obsolete and unnecessary by 1976, however. At that time public school kindergarten will be available to all Texans, and children will leave their care-free times at home at the ages of five to begin the 13-year trek through the school system. But then, as one area principal observed, perhaps the movement will begin for "public school pre-kindergarten."

Friday, April 8, 2016

Local Youths Selected For Boys State

*This article was published in the Marshall News Messenger on May 16, 1971.

Five Marshall High School juniors have been selected to attend the american Legion Boys State to be held at the University of Texas campus at Austin June 5 through 12.

On the recommendation of the faculty of Marshall High School, five organizations have sponsored the students' expenses for the convention.

The students and their sponsors are Stuart Agnor, son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Agnor, sponsored by the Marshall Optimist Club; Craig Woodring, son of Mrs. Martha Woodring, sponsored by the Marshall Rotary Club; Brad Thomas, son of Mrs. Phillip Thomas, sponsored by the Marshall Lions Club; Allen Staggers, son of Mr. and Mrs. Allen Staggers, sponsored by Smiley-summers Post 267; and Larry Goleman, son of Mrs. Katherin Goleman.

The purpose of the convention is to train the participants in the functions of citizenship. In Boys State, participants experience the functioning of government by organizing their own city, country and state governments.

They choose their own officials in accordance with regular election procedures.

Friday, April 1, 2016

Marshall Music Students Receive First Ratings

*This article was published in the Marshall News Messenger on May 16, 1971, regarding students’ achievement in Marshall ISD Fine Arts programs.

Marshall music students Saturday received 38 first division ratings, 11 second and two third in the Jacksonville Solo and Ensemble Contest.

The music students, representing Marshall High School, Pemberton High School, Marshall Junior High and Pemberton Junior High were accompanied by Mike Brock, Maxine Henderson, Bill Pool and chaperones Mr. and Mrs. Roderick Warfield and Mrs. James Towns.

Competing were students of the Marshall High School Band, Pemberton Band, Pemberton High Choir, Marshall High Choir, Marshall Junior High Band, Pemberton Junior High Choir and Marshall High Maverick twirlers.

Receiving first division ratings were: Kelly Sides, tenor saxophone solo; Brian Bellinger, alto saxophone solo; Aubrey Williams, two trombone solos; Kenneth Thompson, three French horn solos; Pam Towns, three flute solos; Billy Mike Maloney, trombone solo; Clay Jackson, French horn solo; Pam Kyser, clarinet solo; Dawn Franks, clarinet solo; M.E. Washington, one trombone and two piano solos; Danny Davidson, two trumpet solos; David Britton, oboe solo; Joan Parish, piano solo; Elyse Nesbitt, flute solo; Richard Warfield, two vocal solos; Mark Fried, vocal solo; Antoinette Sturdy, piano solo; Kay Anderson, piano solo; a madrigal group composed of Cindy Bacher, Joy Bettis, Scott Campbell, Maryetta Fugler, Steve Culpepper, Debbie Graves, Renaldo Johnson, Cathy Jones, Roger Pierce, John Warfield and Richard Warfield; a brass sextet composed of Steve Ford, Tony Brown, Danny Watson, Curt Myron, Bobby Umphress and Aubrey Agee; two twirler duets by Margaret Taylor and Pam Towns; Pam Towns, drum major solo; Pam Towns, dance twirl solo.

In addition, Pam Towns and Margaret Taylor were selected as the Outstanding Duet of the contest and presented trophies. Also, Pam Towns was selected as the Outstanding Soloist of the contest for judge number one, Bruce Hughes, and presented a trophy for this achievement.

A trombone quartet composed of Aubrey Williams, Billy Mike Maloney, Garland Van Dyke, and Ronnie Pugh; a French horn quartet composed of Kenneth Thompson, Clay Jackson, Barbara Kale and Cyndy Woolbert; a girls vocal ensemble composed of Tammy Young, Antoinette Sturdy, Monica Else, Denise Fletcher, Cyndy Fisher, Kay Anderson and Mary Fagette; the Maverick twirlers, head twirler Margaret Taylor, Debbie Neel, Joyce Warren, Carrie Sibley, Linda Grimes, Lynn Campbell and Pam Kyser; a twirling quartet compsoed of Margaret Taylor, Pam Towns, Debbie Neel and Carrie Sibley.